“Basic training” for novice owners and people who are going to have a ferret
Home a ferret (or ferrets) is a domesticated form of the wild forest the ferret inhabiting the forests and steppes of Europe. The ferrets inherited from ancestors many features of biology. This is a small stocky animals with an elongated, very flexible body and fairly long tail, covered with thick fur. The male ferrets are much larger than females, they also differ in character and behavior.
The color of wild ferrets dark brown, home – from white to almost black. Ferrets shed once a year. Senses better developed sense of smell and touch (vibrissae), vision weaker. Animals are very mobile, nimble, swim well, can climb low trees. Tolerate cold easier than heat.
Contrary to popular belief, not all ferrets don’t have a strong odor. Their wool has a slight musky aroma, with a little honey “shade”. Special Priaralye glands, when the animal is frightened or very excited, emit a sharp odor, but domestic ferrets use them very rarely; these glands can be surgically removed. The excrement and urine of ferrets is almost no smell, unlike the cat.
Keep the ferret in a large cage or in the room (bathroom, big loggia). “Cellular” animals need at least 2-3 hours a day to produce room for games. In the room where dwells a ferret, you should seal the narrow cracks; Windows, dostupnye animal, you need to tighten the mesh, otherwise the animal may fall out.
“Space habitat” of the animal (especially caged) must be designed so as to brighten animal captivity. To do this allow cardboard boxes, pipes, mazes, etc.
Most of the time ferrets spend in sleep. To organize sleeping places in the cage you can use a small box, the room itself animal usually finds a secluded corner (behind the couch, the chair, under the Cabinet). Sleeping place should be equipped with soft rags.
Daily care of a ferret is feeding, watering and cleaning the toilet; a weekly – to be replaced “nest bedding”. Requires periodic mowing of the front claws; shedding – combing hair. From time to time you can swim in shallow water in the bathroom. Ferrets can walk in the Park, in the woods, but on the harness: without it, animals can easily escape.
Ferrets are carnivores, in nature they feed on small rodents, sometimes birds, frogs, exceptionally large insects. At home ferrets are fed prepared feed or specialized, or mixtures of natural meat products. As a treat also give natural products (contraindicated sweets, spicy food). Water for drinking should be available always. By incorrect feeding the animal weakens, gets sick easily, babies developing rickets.
Home ferrets to breed 1-2 times a year. If there is no mating, females experience physiological stress, leading to policenew and often to death. Therefore, females not used for breeding, should be castrated. Adult uncastrated males “mark” their territory with urine, especially during the rut is one good reason why males preferably also neutered.
When raising kids ferrets accustomed to the tray (like a cat); when the content in the bathroom they most often satisfied with a few (usually 2-3) seats for the toilet – there you can put the trays.
The ferrets inherent intelligence and cunning. Well-trained ferret tame, friendly, playful. Animals born and reared on the farm, educated are usually more aggressive breeders who have been breeding ferrets it is
It’s pretty silent animals: positive emotions they represent a “cry”, a negative hiss. Ferret easy to get along with each other. They can be kept together with cats, dogs (but not the hunting type taxes), in relation to which ferrets usually dominate.
When the content in the room the remnants of food, and their favorite small objects ferrets tend to hide in secluded places. Willingly digging in the flower pots. When you play with rubber objects ferrets can chew off and swallow chunks, and the consequences can be very unpleasant.
To punish the animal may light slap or pinch, but only if he immediately caught on “the scene”. Otherwise the animal will not understand, for what punished it, and just “offended by the injustice.”
Like dogs, ferrets need annual vaccinations against distemper and rabies, and use the same types of vaccines for dogs. Monitor the activity of the animal, the condition of his fur and feces: deviation from the norm could indicate disease. In this case, you should seek the advice and assistance to breeders and veterinarians. Remember that ferrets – Pets recent, so their diseases and treatment methods have not been investigated adequately.
The basic “commandments” of a novice owner:
Ferret – cute, playful creation; but, as every living being, it needs love, care and attention.
It is not enough just to love an animal – you need to know the necessities of life and provide them.
“More asking – less wrong”. If you need to ask, better ask the professionals.
Ferrets is quite individual create regarding behaviour and preferences, so the “average” brushless-cians may not always be tailored to your pet.
If by reading “Course.” caring for the ferret seemed too onerous, it is better to refrain from its acquisition. Talk to “horikawadori” with the experience and their Pets: it is possible that ferrets will become closer to you and you do decide that they deserve your effort to care for them.
If these recommendations have strengthened your desire to make this glorious pet, please read carefully more detailed information about the habits, the rules, the diseases of domestic ferrets to learn more about them. This will help you the information presented. Most of the questions which newbies described in the section “FAQ: for those who want to have a ferret” .