Caring for goats at home: attention, wool!
Many believe that the goat is the most undemanding pet, but despite this, the care it needs to be very careful, because it depends on the quality of milk, down and wool, which she gives. Basically, good care of the goat includes only three of the item – content of the animal in a good room, ensuring proper nutrition and timely regular walking.
A prerequisite in the maintenance of any pet is clean, because it depends on the quality and health of the pet. Room for goats should be light, dry, well-ventilated, but without drafts, the optimum temperature in winter is about 6-7 degrees (in the presence of kids 8-10 degrees), in summer it would also need to be cool and not stuffy. Of course, caring for goats at home is not limited to the arrangement of vetch, because in the summer the animals most of the time should be spent on the street. Therefore, if there is no possibility to show a goat to the pasture, she should build a small patio with fence, where she could be during the day not only in summer but also in winter, is favorable for walking weather. If in one household contains several goals, the premise should be divided into zones with doors for keeping jivotnogo a leash.
The vetch should be a separate nursery for forage and feeders, which you can pour the roots, silage or concentrated feed. Along one wall vetch is recommended to make rising about half a meter from the shelf floor width of about 60-70 cm, where goats can get to sleep. Some of the new Kozovoy ignore this advice and the animals begin to get sick more often, and their coat becomes more untidy and difficult to comb.
The floor in the room should make the slightly raised and with a slight sloping grade through which will drain the fluid, it is best if it is clay or concrete, since the Board under the influence of animal feces quickly rot. The vetch should be cleaned regularly, ventilate well, time to change the litter, as this may affect not only animal health, but also to give an unpleasant taste and smell to milk. Type of material used for litter, depends on the floor, typically used for this peat, on top of which to the animal is less dirty, put a layer of well-dried straw. One goat will need approximately 0.5-0.7 kg of straw per day, from time to time it should be put that because the animals like to sleep on the ground and can throw the litter. If no straw, for bedding, you can take the most ordinary leaves, but they quickly get wet too, so have to change them more often.
The owners of the goats must remember that it is herd animal, which is very poorly tolerate loneliness, which is why it is recommended to keep the herd at least 3-4 goals. Being alone, the goat will bleat constantly attracting attention to themselves and trying to find a pair, and while grazing can join someone else’s herd and not return home.
The goat should be cleaned regularly, as wool and skin are quickly contaminated and clogged, this is especially noticeable in the autumn-winter period. On the skin and the wool are not only particles of manure or feed, but some microorganisms, most of which are hazardous and cause various diseases. For example, wool grease contained in the wool, can clog pores, resulting in chemicals will get into the blood and milk, giving the latter an unpleasant smell and taste. Regular cleaning of the animal can not only clean the pores but also remove parasites and excess hair, making the hair smoother and silky.
Down goats experienced breeders recommend scratching from January to March, the procedure was carried out twice at 2-3 week intervals, dairy breed card during the moulting period. Premature goat combing is causing the pain, because it pulls the fluff, and if you miss the last gets off in lumps and clog the spine. It is best to start combing down when rocks on the surface of the fur will start to appear faded fuzzes, and when stroking the inner side of plaits deployed on the hand will remain bits of fluff. For cleaning use special combs and brushes first fur animal wooden comb the matted clumps apart gently with your hands or cut off. Sometimes in goats skin parasites appear to notice this easily as the animal starts to itch intensely, in principle to avoid this is easy – you just need to often comb a goat and once a month sprinkle the wool with ashes.
Feeding should be given special attention, as it should be full and balanced only in this case it is possible to achieve high milk production and good wool types. Correct feeding is a regular supply of required quantity of animal feed of good quality, which will allow not only to maintain the normal fatness, but will also affect productivity. Large goat should be given more nutrients than small; the growing – more than equal to her weight old; a pregnant goat should be fed more food than a blue. Despite the fact that the goat unpretentious food, for proper nutrition in her diet must include green grass (in summer), hay (in winter), woody fodder (poplar, maple, birch, willow, etc.), grain and concentrated feed (bran, barley, oats).
Goats are very accustomed to the owner and the first place to stay, so even changing the herd and the owner, the pet may get bored and try to escape. Often you can hear history when the adults after the sale several times returned to the former owner, and in some cases, new accommodations were much more comfortable.
In conclusion, it should again be emphasized the importance of walking the goats to be in the fresh air it needs at least 4-5 hours a day, because this type needs in communication and movement. Otherwise, the nature of the animal gets very hard to sour – sweet and kind in the past, the goat gets angry and stubborn creature.